1 Corinthians 15:1-11
“Of First Importance”

Date: 30-Jan-11
Required Resources:

Purpose (Why am I teaching this lesson? What effect did the writer expect it to have on the recipients?)
The purpose of this lesson is to grasp how the resurrection of Christ can/should transform us.

Theme (What central idea does this passage communicate?)
Without Christ’s bodily resurrection there is no faith.

Review & Homework:
A. Salutations & Reminders (v1:1-1:9)
B. Divisions within the church (v1:10-4:21)
C. …of conduct unbecoming a believer (v5:1-13) {church discipline}
D. Dealing with offenses in The Body (v6:1-11)
E. The bondage of sexual sin (v6:12-20)
 – Now For The Matters You Wrote About —
F. Marriage, Divorce & Singleness (v7:1-40)
G. Christian Liberty (v8:1-11:1)
H. Order in Worship (v11:2-14:40)
I. On Resurrection (v15:1-58)
Ü 1. Resurrection of Christ (v1-11)
   2. Resurrection of the Dead (v12-34)
   3. Resurrection of the Body (v35-58)
  • Read 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 and complete a page in your study booklet
  • Spend time meditating on the power of Christ’s resurrection.  Focus on the impact it has had on you personally.

In this section Paul begins a discussion of the resurrection.  This was possibly prompted by some not believing Christians will receive a physical, resurrected body.  It does not appear to be a question of the immortality of the soul, but instead whether there will be a physical body in heaven.  The point of chapter 15 is not to prove Christ’s resurrection – that was a verifiable fact – it is to prove the believer’s resurrection.

The argument is laid out in a logical fashion, first building on the gospel and the resurrection of Christ.  It then progresses to a discussion of the believers resurrection and finally onto what may have been the confusion that prompted this section – What is the nature of our resurrected body?

The resurrection is the heart of the gospel and resurrection of the Christian’s body is the logical consequence.

This week we begin by examining Christ’s resurrection.

¿: Why is the resurrection of Christ important, wasn’t His death enough the pay the penalty?
(Acts 4:33; Ro. 1:2-4; Php. 3:10 – power of the gospel, deity of Christ, promise of eternal life)

The Text
1 Corinthians 15:1-2
The Truth of the Gospel

1 Now, brothers, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you received and on which you have taken your stand.
2 By this gospel you are saved, if you hold firmly to the word I preached to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain.

¿: In this passage what is the very first evidence of the power of the resurrection? [“you were saved”]

Paul begins his argument with something personal that the Corinthians can identify with.

if you hold firmly” – can be read as a parenthetical or a conditional statement
¿: What can this phrase be understood to mean?
This does not imply that not holding firmly could result in the loss of their salvation.  Instead it says, “if there is no resurrection then there is no salvation”
“Unless your faith was a delusion”
Our salvation is kept by Christ’s holding fast to us, not our holding fast to Him. (John 10:28)
1 Corinthians 15:3-8
The Testimony of the Gospel

3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,

5 and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve.
6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.
7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles,
8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born.

what I received I passed on to you
¿: Do you recall another time Paul used a similar phrase? [1 Cor. 11:23]
¿: What was the occasion, and why did he use the phrase?
Paul reminds them of the oral teaching he first brought to them

died for our sins according to the scriptures” – Isaiah 53
Ü Christ did not die for His sins, or as a martyr.  Christ’s’ was substitutionary for MY sins.  It was my penalty (and yours He died for).

That Christ was buried verified His death:
Ü The empty tomb – Matt. 28:1-10 (v28:6); Mark 16:1-8 (v16:6); Luke 24:1-12 (v24:3); John 20:1-9 (v20:2)

raised on the third day according to the scriptures
¿: What scriptures prophesied this?
Ü Christ referred to the sign of Jonah – Matt. 12:38-41) Jonah 1:17, Psalm 16:8-11 (cited by Peter at Pentecost – Acts 2:31)

Note: how important the testimony of the scriptures is.  It is not what Paul may have told them, it’s what the scriptures said.

James was probably the half-brother of Jesus (vs one of the apostles Mark 3:17-18).  He likely came to faith at the post-resurrection appearance of Christ. (John 7:3-5)

The apostles were clearly more than the 12.  Note: apostles saw the resurrected Christ.

With the possible exception of James, Paul is the only appearance to an unbeliever.  Paul refers to himself as one “untimely born” as in a miscarriage.  He was not a believer (malformed, dead), yet Jesus appeared to him.

The Gospel Testimony of the Post-Resurrection Appearances
Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18 – Mary Magdalene on the Garden
Matt 28:9-10 – other women
Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-32 – Two people going to Emmaus
Luke 24:34 – Peter
¿: Why was Peter singled out for a visit? (see Luke 21:61-62 – visiting Peter emphasized God’s grave)
Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25 – disciples in the upper room
Mark 16:14; John 20:26-31 – disciples in the upper room, a week later
John 21:1-23 – 7 disciples while fishing
Matt. 28:16-20; Mark 16:15-18 – 11 disciples on a mountain
Acts 1:3 – over a period of 40 days
Acts 9:1-8 – Paul

Notice how the quality of the witnesses can be attested to (men known by name that could be interviewed) PLUS the quantity of witnesses, most of whom were still alive.
1 Corinthians 15:9-11
Paul’s Testimony of the Gospel

9 For I am the least of the apostles and do not even deserve to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
10 But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace to me was not without effect. No, I worked harder than all of them—yet not I, but the grace of God that was with me.
11 Whether, then, it was I or they, this is what we preach, and this is what you believed.

In spite of Paul’s harsh persecution of the church, God selected him.

Whatever Paul is now, it is ONLY through God’s grace – which held Paul to an obligation of love.  Paul understood his absolute unworthiness.  He also understand the fullness of God’s grace showered down on him.  He did not live in guilt for what he had done for the church, instead he used that knowledge to view the depth of God’s love for him.

¿: Why is the resurrection important?

¿: Paul says, “His grace to me was not without effect,” can you give examples of what Paul is talking about?

¿: What effect “should” His grace have upon us?
Personal Application:
¿: What power has Christ’s resurrection had in your life?

  • Read 1 Corinthians 15:12-34
Share on Facebook

Leave a Reply

Dave's Cabin

Dave's Jeep

    - $6500
    - $6000
    - $5500
    - $5000
    - $4500
    - $4000
    - $3500
    - $3000
    - $2500
    - $2000
    - $1500
    - $1000
    - $500
    - $0
    Began: Sep 11 '09
    Last $: Aug 6, 2010
    Goal: Jul 4 '11

Daily Detour

    Today's History

    Born This Day

    Article of Day

    Today's Quote

    Word of the Day

Dave's Dream


    January 2020
    S M T W T F S
    « May